Area: (head) scalp
Anaesthesia: local with sedation
Operating time: from about 3 to 6 hours
Dressing: after 12 days
Healing: in 5-7 days
Cost: from 3000 euros
Hair transplantation is a plastic surgery operation that removes individual follicles from the patient's neck and implants them in another area of the head affected by baldness, and offers very natural results.
The transplant can be carried out starting at 25 years of age, a period in which thinning hair has begun to stabilise.
After a attentive preliminary visit, the best surgical techniques are identified by taking several characteristics into account related to age, expectations, hair type and the type and degree of the patient's baldness. Essential factors include the width of the area to be treated and the hairline, which delimits the frontal area for adding hair, which clearly must not be too far forward nor too far back.
Planning the operation is therefore an absolutely personal and customised process.
The hair removal for the transplant takes place by removing individual hair follicles (with 1- 4 hairs each) from the donor area, usually the neck. In fact, hair that grows on the back of the neck is not subjected to the actions of male hormones that determine its loss, are genetically more robust and once they are replanted it is therefore quite unlikely that they will fall out again. The removal process is very fast and barely invasive. The micro holes left from the removal will heal without leaving any aesthetically significant signs.
The recipient area is prepared by creating hundreds of micro holes which imitate the inclination of the area's natural hair so as to naturally strengthen the effects of the transplant, which follows the customised plan and its planned density. In the final stage of the operation the single follicles are placed within the previously created micro holes.
What to do before and after a hair transplant:
Usually you can go home immediately after the transplant because hospitalisation is unnecessary, and normal daily activities can resume after three days.
After the hair transplant, a dressing is applied and then covered with a bandage that must be kept the entire night following the surgery. In some cases of smaller hair transplant operations, the dressing can be avoided by applying a surgical adhesive that prevents the transplanted follicles being subjected to mechanical stresses (i.e. those related to the use of combs and brushes, hats or other headgear).
After any bandages have been removed, the patient can resume normal activities, taking care to apply an antibiotic ointment to the scalp and take anti-inflammatory medicines and antibiotics as directed. Modest local pain and swelling of the eyelids are usually the only post-operative effects and disappear within a couple of days.
Hair regrowth will occur slowly and gradually, as the new bulbs need a certain amount of time to take root permanently and become newly active. Already 2 or 3 months after the surgery, the patient will feel itching in the transplant area, which is the sign that hair growth is recovering. It will be 5 or 6 months before the patient will be able to visibly note the transplant: this allows others to gradually get used to change, which will be perfectly discreet and not abrupt.